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Structured cabling is the design and installation of a cabling system that will support multiple hardware uses and be suitable for today’s needs and those of the future. With a correctly installed system, current and future requirements can be met, and hardware that is added in the future will be supported.
Structured cabling design and installation is governed by a set of standards that specify wiring data centers, offices, and apartment buildings for data or voice communications using various kinds of cable, most commonly category 5e (Cat 5e), category 6 (Cat 6), and fiber optic cabling and modular connectors. These standards define how to lay the cabling in various topologies in order to meet the needs of the customer, typically using a central patch panel (which is normally 19-inch rack-mounted), from where each modular connection can be used as needed. Each outlet is then patched into a network switch (normally also rack-mounted) for network use or into an IP or PBX (private branch exchange) telephone system patch panel.
WHY YOU SHOULD HAVE IT IN YOUR HOME?
The structured wiring system sets the stage for you to share a single Internet, telephone, or digital cable TV connection with multiple computers, Televisions and peripherals all at no extra charges from the service provider. You can also choose wiring upgrades such as home theatre and whole house music to complete the integration. It is worth noting that only a few years previously, virtually no new home had these capabilities and many current homes will need to under go costly retrofits in order to take advantage of the present and future conveniences.
Subsystems of a Structured Cabling System
Entrance facilities provides connections between outside plant and inside building cabling, this contain the cables, network demarcation points, connecting hardware, protection devices and other equipment that connect to the access provider.
The equipment room mainly stores the main cross-connect and intermediate cross-connects and horizontal cross-connects. Usually, the controlled centralized space for telecommunications equipment is usually more complex than telecommunications room.
Backbone cabling provides interconnection between telecommunications rooms, equipment rooms, access provider and entrance facilities.
Telecommunications Room and Enclosure
Telecommunications room (TR) or Telecommunications enclosure (TE) stores the terminations of horizontal and backbone cables to connecting hardware including any jumpers or patch cords.
It may also contain the IC or MC for different portions of the backbone cabling system.
The horizontal cabling goes along the work area’s telecommunications information outlet to the telecommunications room or telecommunications enclosure. It includes horizontal cable, mechanical terminations, jumpers and patch cords located in the TR or TE and may incorporate multiuser telecommunications outlet assemblies and consolidation points.
The work area includes all the points mentioned before from telecommunications outlet-connector end to an horizontal cabling system and a minimum of two telecommunications outlets should be provided for each work area.
Why Use Structured Cabling?
Unlike the traditional point-to-point cabling system, the structured cabling system can avoid the jungle of wiring and carry increasing data at high rates. It plays a significant role in communication infrastructure. The following highlights some of the benefits:
Cost effective – The structured cabling is an organized simple cabling system. It can reduce power and maintenance costs, and it avoids spending money on locating and rectifying. Reducing the risk of downtime – There is a high risk of human error when people managing the multiple, unorganized cabling structure. These mistakes can cause flow disruptions and network downtime. The structured cabling is organized and it’s easy to identify, which can help reduce the risk of downtime.
Tips for Structured Cabling Installation
- Before the installation, you’d better make a good structured cabling design.It includes planning the cabling patch ways, considering the airflow and cooling issues, and choosing the right cabling solution.
- There are various devices used in the structured cabling such as Cat5e/6, fiber optic cable, fiber patch panel, copper patch panel, network switch. You can choose different devices flexibly based on your needs.
- Don’t bend cables beyond their specified bend radius during the installation. The bend radius defines how strong the data signal will flow.
- Utilizing fiber raceway. It can make sure the validity of cabling and reduce congestion in the termination panel.