Types of access control

Types of access control

Types of access control solutions

There are many different types of access control systems for commercial buildings and businesses. Still, not all designs will be the right fit, depending on the size of the deployment, the number of users and entries, and the level of security required. For example, a single office inside a commercial building will need different security controls than a hospital or large warehouse facility.

Discretionary access control (DAC)

Discretionary access control security is the least restrictive and recommended type of access control system for commercial and business security.

Mandatory access control (MAC)

This type of access control is best suited for organizations that require high security and confidentiality

Role-based access control (RBAC)

This type of access control security is best suited for organizations that require high security and confidentiality.

Role-based access control (RBAC)

 RBAC is a user-friendly model and allows administrators to group users and adjust permissions from a central database. RBAC systems usually employ the principles of least privilege and separation of honor, where users are categorized and given the minimum level of access required to perform their job.

Types of Access Control Software

Modern security systems are more technologically advanced than a lock and metal key. They also involve software to control access privileges and authenticate users.

Server-based access control

Traditionally used in large organizations and commercial buildings, on-premise access control systems rely on local servers to host and run the software. Server-based Miami access control usually requires the organization to purchase and renew software licenses and a dedicated IT staff to maintain the servers.

Web-based access control

It is also known as embedded access control solution. This type of access control software uses a web browser application to operate and connects to the LAN to be accessed from any device within the network.

Cloud-based access control

Unlike the other two types of access control software, cloud-based software is hosting on a decentralized server. Usually managed by a third party and regularly syncs with local ACUs. Because the system syncs in the cloud, an internet connection is required to support cloud-based access control.

Types of Access Control Door Readers

Another component of access control systems for businesses is reader technology. Organizations should install door readers that offer the security and controls necessary to secure the building to authenticate credentials.

Keypad readers

A keypad door reader requires a user to type in a PIN or passcode to unlock the door. Keypad access control readers offer good security as there is no physical credential that can be passed around or stolen. However, users could still share their PIN with others, compromising building security.

Swipe card readers

This door card reader works with crucial cards or badges with a magnetic strip containing authentication data. Users swipe their cards through the reader to unlock the door. One consideration with this type of access control system is the daily wear and tear on the hardware and key cards access control means they need to service and replaced more frequently.

Biometric door readers

Often the most expensive door security reader, biometric readers use scanners to identify users by a unique physical feature, such as a fingerprint, iris, or facial recognition. Mobile access control systems with smartphone-based credentials can use the biometrics built into the phone as two-factor authentication.

RFID door readers

Radiofrequency identification technology has many uses, including for access control. With an RFID access control system, the credentials contain information tags that send signals to nearby readers. Most RFID access control systems use passive RFID, also referred to as proximity or prox card technology. Proximity-based access control systems most often use key cards or key fobs for access.

Smart lock door readers

The most advanced and versatile door security readers on this list, intelligent readers, often combine multiple types of reader technology into one system. Intelligent readers offer greater flexibility and security with support for mobile credentials, key cards, key fobs, and even touchless unlocking capabilities.


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