access control miami

Access Control Models

Access Control Models

Access Control Models

Access control plays an essential role in the security of many businesses by allowing personnel to restrict or grant access to specified locations or resources. Currently, there are four primary types of access control models: mandatory access control (MAC), role-based access control (RBAC), discretionary access control (DAC), and role-based access control (RBAC). Each model outlines different levels of permissions and how they are assigned. To learn more about the four main types of access control for businesses and determine which ones best suit your company’s needs, continue reading.

Background

Consider one of the most crucial assets in a company, and access control systems hold significant value. The term ‘access control’ refers to “the control of access to system resources after a user’s account credentials and identity has been authenticated, and access to the system has been granted.” Access control is used to identify a subject (user/human) and authorize the issue to access an object (data/resource) based on the required task. These controls are used to protect resources from unauthorized access. Three main types of access control systems are Discretionary Access Control (DAC), Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), and Mandatory Access Control (MAC).

Discretionary Access Control (DAC)

Discretionary access control is the least restrictive type of access control. Under this system, individuals are granted complete control over any objects they own and any programs associated with such entities. The individuals can then determine who has access to their things by programming security level settings for other users.

DAC is a type of access control system that assigns access rights based on rules specified by users. The principle behind DAC is that subjects can determine who has access to their objects. The DAC model takes advantage of using access control lists (ACLs) and capability tables. Capability tables contain rows with ‘subject’ and columns containing ‘object.’ The security kernel within the operating system checks the tables to determine if access is allowed. Sometimes a subject/program may only have access to read a file; the security kernel makes sure no unauthorized changes occur.

Implementation 

This popular model is utilized by some of the most popular operating systems, like Microsoft Windows file systems.

Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)

RBAC, also known as non-discretionary access control, is used when system administrators assign rights based on organizational roles. It presents an opportunity for the organization to address the principle of ‘least privilege.’ That gives individuals the access needed to do their job since the key connects to their job.

In these systems, predefined roles are associated with specific permissions. Because of its simplicity, this type of access control system is one of the most popular forms used in businesses. However, RBAC does have some drawbacks. For example, RBAC can’t grant one-time permissions when an exception to the standardized licenses is necessary.

Implementation

Windows and Linux environments use something similar by creating ‘Groups.’ Each group has individual file permissions. Each user is assigned to groups based on their work role. RBAC sets access based on roles. That is different from groups since users can belong to multiple groups but only be assigned one role. Example roles are accountants, developers, among others. An accountant would only gain access to resources that an accountant would need on the system. That requires the organization to constantly review the role definitions and have a process to modify roles to segregate duties. If not, role creep can occur. Role creep is when an individual is transferring to another job/group, and their access from their previous job stays with them.

Mandatory Access Control (MAC)

Mandatory access control is widely considered the most restrictive access control model in existence. This type of access control allows only the system’s owner to control and manage access based on the settings laid out by the system’s programmed parameters. Such parameters can’t be altered or bypassed. The end-user doesn’t have control over any of the permissions or privileges. They can only access points that the system owners allow them to access. Because of its high level of restriction, MAC is usually used for facilities or organizations that require maximum security, such as government facilities.

Considered the strictest of all levels of access control systems, the government commonly uses the design and implementation of MAC. It uses a hierarchical approach to control access to files/resources. Under a MAC environment, access to resource objects is held by the settings defined by a system administrator. That means access to resource objects is governed by the operating system based on what the system administrator configured in the settings. Users can’t change access control of a resource. MAC uses “security labels” to assign resource objects to a system. There are two pieces of information connected to these security labels: classification (high, medium, low) and category (specific department or project – provides “need to know”). Each user account is also assigned classification and category properties. This system provides users access to an object if both properties match. Suppose a user has high classification but is not part of the category of the thing. In that case, the user cannot access the object. MAC is the most secure access control system but requires considerable planning and high system management due to constantly updating things and account labels.

Implementation

Other than the government’s implementation of MAC, Windows Vista-8 used a variant of MAC with what they called, Mandatory Integrity Control (MIC). This MAC system added integrity levels (IL) to process/files running in the login session. The IL represented the level of trust the object would have. Subjects were assigned an IL level, which was set to their access token. IL levels in MIC were: low, medium, high, and system. In that system, access to an object was prohibited unless the user had the same level of trust. Windows limited the user not to being able to write or delete files with a higher IL. This system took advantage of the Windows DAC system ACLs. It first compared IL levels, then checked the ACLs to ensure the correct permissions were in place. It combined it with integrity levels to create a MAC environment.

Rule-based access control

The last of the four main types of access control for businesses is rule-based access control. This system assigns or denies user access based on dynamic rules and limitations defined by the owner or system administrator. Such rules may limit access based on several unique situations, such as the individual’s location, the time of day, or the device being used. The ability to customize rules and permissions makes RBAC an ideal form of access control for businesses that require a dynamic security solution.

ACCESS CONTROL BENEFITS

ACCESS CONTROL BENEFITS

WHAT IS THE MAIN PURPOSE OF ACCESS CONTROL?

Access control security is a term generally used to describe the mechanism for the authorization of certain parties to access specific resources. These resources may be physical such as paper documents, bank vaults, and warehouse items. Other resources may be encrypted user information, bank transaction records, or simply the safety of employees within a building. Having a security access control system regulates and controls access to these resources.

The primary purpose of access control is to provide security by allowing or restricting access to these resources by any party or individual. 

The need for security has increased with advanced door access security systems utilizing biometric sensors in place of a simple lock and key. The rapid development stems from the increased awareness and needs to protect valuable resources from unauthorized access and theft. 

Access control security systems enable you to provide convenient access to the right people and the right areas of your facility at any time. Here are just a few key benefits that access control systems can provide to your facility’s comprehensive security system:

Access Control Systems are Easy to Manage

In the form of keyless entry and card access systems, access control systems are an easy way to manage building security. Once your access control security system is set up, you no longer must worry about who needs what key to get into which building, labs, or offices.

Forget Hassle Associated with Traditional Keys

Critical systems are problematic for adequate security for many reasons. If an employee loses their key, you must make a new key at least. In many situations, especially high-security facilities, a lost key can mean that all corresponding locks need to be replaced. That means issuing all other employees new keys — all for one misplaced or missing key. 

Set Specific Access Dates and Times

With powerful scheduling features, an access control system allows you to grant access to certain people for specific days and times, as well as for doors and groups of entries in a facility. 

Require Mandatory Credentials for Access

Depending on your industry or facility, specific offices, laboratories, or production areas may require additional security. Either because they are high-risk and need special safety training or because they contain sensitive information. 

Keep Track of Who Comes and Goes

Another critical benefit of access control systems is keeping track of who is coming and going. In the event of an accident or theft, you’ll be able to see who accessed a specific area during the time of the incident. Beyond just security measures, this feature is also helpful for collecting data on who enters and exits typical buildings or offices, when, and how often. 

Improved Security that Works for You

The overarching benefit of any access control system is that you get all of the security your building needs flexibly to work for your company in the long term. As your company or facility grows, you can add new access cards, update mandatory credentials for specific areas, and change access dates and times as necessary. As employees leave, promote, and change positions, you can easily restrict, add, or manage their access to certain buildings depending on their credentials and current situation. You no longer must keep tabs on each key and update each employee’s access according to their needs. 

Access control: affordable options have become a reality

Whether you are running a small business office, doctor’s office, coffee shop, or retail store, it is important to ensure that you protect staff and assets. While for some this may mean simply locking the front door at night with a key, the introduction of new technology at lower price points now means that every business can afford the cost of access control today. For example, in recent years manufacturers have introduced more technologies in support of the small access control market, with systems designed for the one to a four-door customer. This means that for property managers they can save both time and money by implementing access control.

With a card-based system, the small business can use a proximity card and reader system that allows them to issue an access control card to employees. This can be an ideal approach for a business with multiple locations where they want someone to have access to more than one location. Using a proximity card to access the building also cuts down on re-key costs when an employee leaves.

Another cost-effective option is to install a keypad system on the exterior of an office door. When an office manager enters his pin number, it can unlock the door for the day and also provide a report on the open and close times of that location. This information can be accessed remotely by the retail manager to lock and unlock the door, for example.

In addition, with a keypad-based system, the administrator of the system can issue multiple pin numbers to employees so that each person has a unique pin. That pin number can be easily deactivated if the employee no longer works at that location.

Whichever approach you decide to take there are many access control systems from which to choose from that are technologically advanced yet affordable. Installing an access control system is s an investment worth making in your business.

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Access Control System Installation Considerations and Planning

Do you have a complete plan for your access control systems installation?


It is vital to plan for the unique characteristics of your building before you start buying access control components. Here are some important steps to take during this planning stage:

  • Analyze blueprints and site drawings:
    • A detailed review of your building’s blueprints and site drawings helps you plan for the components you need and where you’ll need to install them.
  • Confirm your requirements in writing:
    • When you’re dealing with a professional access control company, discuss every detail, and confirm the plan in writing. Don’t move forward with the install until you know exactly what you’re getting and how much it’s going to cost.
  • Get approval from local officials:
    • Always check with local fire officials and building code agencies to ensure your access control design complies with existing codes.

An expert access control provider should work closely with you to understand your access control needs and the requirements of your building. Your provider should also check to ensure that your plan complies with local building requirements.

Do you want any additional access control features?

Beyond the basic features of your access control solution, it’s important to consider the different add-ons you may want. Here are some examples of common add-ons:

  • Integration with video surveillance and the grounds around your building
  • Higher-level security features like facial recognition or fingerprint scanning technology
  • Smartphone-based access control
  • Internet-connected access control that uses standard wiring. This makes for simple plug-and-play installation, plus easier setup and maintenance.
  • Cloud-based server
  • Parking access control
  • Integration with fire alarm and burglar alarm systems

Can your access control solution grow with your company?

As your company continues to grow and expand, is your access control solution capable of expanding with your firm? Here are two things to consider in this regard:

  • Will it be easy to add new doors, offices, and office buildings to the access control solution you’ve designed

Dicsan’s Cutting-Edge Access Control for Modern Businesses


We actively use and seek out the latest technology solutions to provide our clients with the best services and solutions available today. Our certified, highly experienced technicians can help secure your business with a comprehensive and powerful access control systems. Access control systems can also be integrated with video surveillance camera systems, allowing for greater control across your security platform.

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Which access control is right for your building?

When we talk about access control we are referring to an electronic security system. Access control is used to identify an individual and authorize it to enter certain areas. The person entering may be an employee, a contractor, or a visitor. Access control systems mostly come in three variations: discretionary access control, mandatory access control, and role-based access control.

How access control works

Access control readers are installed to provide access to the building based on established credentials. These credentials can be key cards, key fobs, biometrics, among others. The card readers are connected to a network that allows individuals to get in with one of the credentials mentioned before and the system recognizes that they are authorized to be in the building. An appropriate access control software that fits your needs is essential. The software will track and keep who enters and exits the building and will allow supervisors, owners, etc. to keep track of it in case of a break-in.

If you’d like to get installed access control for your business and you’re still not sure of what’s the criteria for choosing the right company to take care of it. You can read our Access Control System Installation Considerations and Planning article.

Discretionary access control

Discretionary Access Control is a type of access control system that holds the business owner responsible for deciding which people are allowed in a specific location, physically or digitally. DAC is the least restrictive compared to the other systems, as it essentially allows individual complete control over any objects they own, as well as the programs associated with those objects. The drawback to Discretionary Access Control is the fact that it gives the end-user complete control to set security level settings for other users and the permissions given to the end-user are inherited into other programs they use which could potentially lead to malware being executed without the end-user being aware of it.

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Mandatory access control

Mandatory Access Control is more commonly utilized in organizations that require an elevated emphasis on the confidentiality and classification of data (ie. military institutions). MAC doesn’t permit owners to have a say in the entities having access to a unit or facility, instead, only the owner and custodian have the management of the access controls. MAC will typically classify all end-users and provide them with labels that permit them to gain access through security with established security guidelines.

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Role-based access control

Also known as Rule-Based Access Control, RBAC is the most demanded in regard to access control systems. Not only is it in high demand among households, RBAC has also become highly sought-after in the business world. In RBAC systems, access is assigned by the system administrator and is stringently based on the subject’s role within the household or organization and most privileges are based on the limitations defined by their job responsibilities. So, rather than assigning an individual as a security manager, the security manager position already has access control permissions assigned to it.

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physical-security

Access control in Miami

Having an effective access control systems in Miami is one of the most reliable ways to protect your business, property, and company information. Designed to work together seamlessly, access control systems provide you with the technology you need to deliver sophisticated security solutions — from the simplest to the most challenging. Our solutions range from entry-level to enterprise systems that provide the flexibility and performance you expect from a technology-driven access control company in Miami.

Security continues to be a growing concern for businesses of all industries. Ensuring that your employees, property, and visitors remain safe is always a top priority. Access control has proven to be an extremely effective security instrument. All companies are vulnerable to theft and robbery, but the installation of an access control system will help you maintain security by granting necessary site access and you never have to worry about which keys you need for certain parts of the building ever again. Start with what you need and easily grow your solution in step with your business and your requirements.

At Dicsan Technology there is a qualified team of technicians that are very efficient and they provide quality service to the customers. We offer on Miami professional security cameras installation, access control systems, CCTV cameras. To install access control systems, surveillance cameras, CCTV surveillance systems in Miami, you can call us on +1 786-622-2221.

Door access control systems

There are several door access control readers available on the market. IP door access control systems are excellent for small to medium systems that include advanced capability such as elevator control, card door access control, door access control system, door control access systems. IP door access control systems consist of access control door lock readers, an access controller, an electric lock, and access control management software. A door access control system is used to prevent unauthorized entry. The door access control systems are made of a card door access control reader and a controller. Credentials like a card door access control, are used to identify the right person who can enter the door. The access door control system determines who can open a specific door at a scheduled time and date.

There is some access control door system that uses simple door readers that connect to central controllers, and there are intelligent reader-controllers that connect to the network. The access control system determines who can open a specific door at a scheduled time and date. All the door access equipment is located at the door and is powered by Power over Ethernet (PoE).

IP door access control systems for small to enterprise business

Advanced access control system allows you to start with a single door and grow to thousands of wireless door access control systems. Since each door includes its own network-attached controller, it is very easy to expand the system. The enterprise access control system provides advanced functionality that is designed for the complex access control environment. IP door access control systems provide powerful access control management software with elevator control.

Where can we find access control installed?

You can find different types of access control installed such as card readers, key cards, RFID access control system key cards, access control motion detector, access control system controller in Miami. There is a wide list of places where the system control or access is needed like:

  • Private business
  • Schools
  • Banks
  • Hotels
  • Offices
  • Hote

The access control installation in Miami the process is simple. Our certified, highly experienced technicians can help secure your business with a comprehensive and powerful access control security system. With our wide range of access control solutions, incorporating access card, proximity card reader, biometric reader, electric strike, and other access security systems, installed by our highly skilled security technicians, your door entry systems will be both highly effective and easily managed to ensure the proper flow of people throughout your building and the security of your business, employees, and property.

If you are looking for a trustworthy team in Miami to take care of access control systems for small business, school access control systems, hospital access control plan, hotel access control, parking access control, and authorized dealer in Miami of manufacturers such as Kantech access control, Millennium access control, Hikvision access control, VizPin access control, ZKTeco access control, and Biometric access control.

Access control features

Simple installation:

The access control installation process might be very simple depending on the client’s needs.

User friendly

Depending on the access control system that fits your needs and budgets.

Reliable tracking

With reliable and advanced access control systems software you will be able to track who gets in and who gets out.

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Why Your Growing Company Needs a Mobile Based Access Control System

Save money when growth requires a new office space

Contrary to popular misconceptions, the installation and setup costs for a mobile access control solution are cheaper than installation for a traditional server-based access control solution. Plus, a mobile access control system means you don’t have to buy keycards and fobs, which can save money.

It wasn’t always like this. We used to have only two options for access control: A traditional server-based access control solution with prox keycards or an old-school cylinder lock and brass key system. While legacy keycard systems provide more functionality than their analog counterparts, they use outdated technologies like the Wiegand protocol that is insecure and vulnerable to hacking. Plus, all the hardware associated with legacy systems can be expensive. Fortunately, we now have a third option: mobile access control systems. These systems use cloud-based and smartphone-based access control—and they’re less expensive to install than the hard-wired alternatives.

Design and setup are faster and easier

Smartphone access solutions save time and prevent headaches when moving offices. For one, mobile access solutions let you add the convenience of smartphone credentials seamlessly, whether you’re implementing a new system or integrating with an existing one. No need to manually program individual keycards, or fobs. Access control system technology is easy to install (technicians can even use the existing wiring from your legacy system!), you’ll be up and running with a high-tech access control solution in no time.

Mobile access is more secure

There are other reasons why smartphones are better, such as the fact that you can’t copy a smartphone at the corner convenience store, but for just $11, you can duplicate most keycards and key fobs. Long story short: It’s pretty clear why smartphone-based access control is more secure.

What kind of access solutions do you want?


At Dicsan Technology, we’re passionate about matching our clients with our patented, mobile access control technologies. We will guide you through the process of selecting the perfect configuration for your needs to maximize security, ease of implementation, and cost savings—so you can safeguard your facilities without the delays, headaches or expenses of legacy access solutions.