Security cameras solutions
Security cameras provide an inexpensive and reliable method of surveillance for properties. When you take proper precautions to install a CCTV surveillance system on your premises, you are protecting your property and making the community safer. A well-designed security camera system can deter crime by deterring criminals from passing through security fencing and into properties and businesses. You can even make money with the help of security cameras by installing an outdoor surveillance CCTV system.
Are you looking to install a new security camera system to protect your business or commercial property? Would you like to see your entire property at a glance from your smartphone and even stop crime before it happens?
Welcome to the world of video surveillance and security camera solutions.
Security camera CCTV systems come in various image resolutions, integration capabilities, and use cases. Some business security cameras are used indoors, while others use them outdoors. Some pan, tilt and zoom for broader coverage, while others are built to read license plates coming into a parking lot. All businesses need a security camera system.
Why? Because having video evidence of any crime happening on your property can not only help catch the perpetrator. But it can also show where the building’s security system is vulnerable. You can make the necessary changes so that it doesn’t happen again.
- Security Cameras
- Cabling / Wiring
- Network Video Record Recorder (NVR)
- Storage (Hard Drives)
CCTV surveillance systems are complex. A functioning CCTV surveillance system, offering complete property coverage around the clock, requires a network of compatible commercial security cameras, ample storage, proper cabling, and even power. Thankfully, surveillance doesn’t have to be complicated. Keep reading to see the equipment and components you’ll need to get your I.P. surveillance cameras system up and running.
Professional Surveillance Cameras vs. Do-It-Yourself Consumer Cameras
Now, commercial facilities and even local governments traditionally have higher professional security camera system standards than something you buy in retail settings. The problem lies in a ton of misinformation online, and consumer-based DIY camera kits are often marketing to commercial facilities as “professional solutions.” This simple guide can give you actionable information to arm yourself in your next video surveillance cameras system‘s buying process.
Security Camera Specifications:
Surveillance security cameras for the consumer market have smaller sensor sizes, such as quarter-inch and fixed focal board mount lenses that range from 2 to 4 millimeters. These will give you a wide-angle (which can be a good thing). Still, it’s grainy when you digitally zoom into the image, even though it is a “high-definition camera.” In these situations, the pixels are spread out over a wide field of view, reducing the forensic quality you can achieve.
A professional video surveillance camera should have a varifocal lens that allows the user to optically zoom in at a specific target or zoom out for a comprehensive view. That comes in handy over time because you won’t have to climb a ladder to change your camera’s focal length. These professional security cameras installers come prepared for a variety of applications that can deliver forensic detail or situational awareness.
Professional security camera installers use 360-degree, fisheye cameras with a multi-sensor feature depending on the business needs and requirements. Fisheye security cameras use a fisheye lens that supports 180-degree monitoring with High-Definition video quality. A single fisheye security camera can cover up to 4,000 square feet and replace many regular cameras without losing coverage. You will need to run one cable for a fisheye camera than the multiple wires required for standard cameras.
Commercial Security Cameras
The essential parts of business security camera systems are, of course, security cameras. Commercial security cameras capture footage of everything in and around a facility then send footage to recorders, monitors, and mobile devices. Surveillance security cameras come in a variety of hardware types for different security camera installation service needs.
Which security cameras suit your system depends on your individual needs and budget; are you placing them indoors or outdoors? Is 1080P a large enough resolution? Will they be able to see and record video efficiently in low-lighting? Are they identified with an adequate field of view, or will a PTZ (Pan Tilt Zoom) camera be necessary? These are all critical questions to be considered when choosing security cameras for your CCTV camera installation project.
Video is transmitted along the CAT5e cable using a pair of video baluns, one at the DVR end, one at the camera end. We sell two types of video baluns, Standard definition and High definition, designed to be used with our H.D. 1080P cameras and DVR recorders. Power is transmitted using screw-in D.C. plugs and sockets. The plug goes at the camera end the socket at the DVR recorder end. Locate the camera power supply close to the DVR.
Cabling and Wiring for CCTV Camera Installation
In recent years the invention of the video balun has meant can use CAT5e cable to connect CCTV security cameras to CCTV DVR recorders. All the connections can be made using only a screwdriver, no need for special tools or fiddly components. Before you start, there are a couple of essential things to know.
For most commercial CCTV surveillance systems, structured cabling running throughout the walls and connecting your security cameras to the server or NVR will be a vital component during surveillance camera installation. While more and more wireless security cameras are becoming popular, especially for buildings use, wired security cameras still reign supreme for more permanent and demanding security use.
Don’t exceed the maximum cable run.
The maximum distance video signal can transfer with our video baluns is approximately 300 meters. If you are using the cable to power a camera and a transfer video signal, we would suggest a maximum distance of about 50 meters to avoid voltage drop. That assumes you are using three pairs of wire for a 12 volt supply and one couple for video signal transfer as per our images below.
I.P. Camera Installation Cabling
When using IP security cameras, you will most likely be looking at Cat5E or Cat6 cables, which can transfer data required by digital video, often over long distances. That is an upgrade from the coax cabling that usually powers analog security cameras; coax cables are reliable but incompatible with IP camera installation. In many cases, Cat5e and Cat6 cables will also power the security cameras, eliminating the need for further wiring. Power-Over-Ethernet requires a PoE switch when the surveillance security cameras are not connecting to an NVR. Wireless security cameras may need less wiring in the walls but require cables to power the security camera separately, usually via 110VAC control.
Use a color convention, stick to it and check carefully.
It is essential to check your wiring carefully. Please choose a color convention and stick to it. In the examples below, we have used blue for video signal and solid color for +ve, white plus colored stripe for -ve.
You need to run one length of CAT5e cable from the DVR recorder to each camera. The line is going to do two jobs. One pair of wires will handle the video signal and combine the other three pairs of cables, taking 12-volt power from the transformer located next to the DVR to the camera.
Firstly, identify the polarity for all your connectors.
Separate the four pairs of wires in the Cat5e cable. In this case, we will use the blue pair for transferring video signals from the camera to the DVR recorder. Keep this pair twisted to reduce the chance of interference.
The green, brown, and orange pairs will take 12-volt power from the transformer to the camera. We use three pairs of wires combined to reduce the risk of voltage drop at the camera. We have unwound the wire using the solid color for 12-volt +ve and the white with colored trace for 12-volt -ve.
Here we can see the cables inserted into a video balun and a power plug.
Remember to strip back the outer plastic sheath to reveal the copper conductor before pushing into the fittings and tightening the connector with a small screwdriver.
Note how we have combined the three pairs of wires for the 12 volt D.C. fitting.
Be aware the D.C. power fittings are different for the DVR end of the cable and the security cameras end of the line. The DVR end requires a female socket to take the 12-volt power from the power supply.
The camera end requires a male D.C. plug to take 12-volt power to the camera.
It is essential to protect the fittings from water, so we recommend using weatherproof junction boxes for each camera. All the components you need are available in the CCTV system accessories section of our online shop.